Dealing with an unwanted pregnancy is a serious concern for any woman. Whichever decision she makes, her future always concerns her. Speaking of pregnancy termination, if abortion will affect her fertility is one of the biggest concerns.
This blog helps you understand how abortion can have an impact on women’s bodies and how it impacts women’s fertility.
Be it suction or dilation, surgical termination of pregnancy is one of the safest ways one can terminate the pregnancy. Though it involves certain risks such as infection to the vaginal area, etc. infertility is not one of the side effects. After a surgical abortion, your menstrual cycle continues, and you remain as fertile as you were before.
Medical abortion means taking a combination of abortion pills such as Mifepristone and Misoprostol and ending the pregnancy at home. Before you understand if abortion impacts your future pregnancy or fertility, you must understand its process to make things clear.
The consumption of abortion pills:
One pill of Mifepristone and four pills of Misoprostol are typically enough for successfully ending an unwanted pregnancy. The use of Mifepristone has to be oral, while the use of Misoprostol is expected to be either vaginal or buccal.
The process: How an abortion pill work?
Mifepristone is a pill that comes with an anti-progesterone component that works against the pregnancy-growing hormone in the body. After stopping the pregnancy, it also detaches the fetus from the uterus. It makes the further process easier for Misoprostol pill working. With its prostaglandin components, the Misoprostol pill makes hormonal changes in the body and contracts the lining of the uterus.
After you consume both abortion pills, cramps in the abdominal area and vaginal bleeding are the two crucial visible changes that took place in the body. These are called symptoms of medical pregnancy termination.
When you observe these symptoms, you almost come to an end of the pregnancy termination procedure. It is advised to speak to your healthcare provider if the symptoms do not show. The cramps may last for up to a few hours; on the other hand, bleeding can last for about 2-8 days depending on the pregnancy growth and its gestation.
If your body fails to show the symptoms, it can be a sign of incomplete medical pregnancy termination. In such cases, the doctor may suggest taking an extra four pills of Misoprostol to remove pregnancy tissues.
What are the side effects of abortion pills?
The side effects of abortion pills include nausea, vomiting, headache, mild fever, excessive bleeding, bloated breasts, diarrhea, etc. All these side effects of abortion pills do not last for more than a week or two. Since none of them has a more prolonged impact on the body, they do not even affect fertility.
Do abortion pills affect your future fertility?
No. Even after you consume abortion pills and end the pregnancy, your menstrual cycle returns within a month or two. The menstruation cycle becomes as it was before consuming the abortion pills. Hence, the pills do not have any impact on the fertility of the woman. Women should also note the fact that abortion medications do not even have any effect on the quality of the eggs.
If there’s any concern found with the quality of the eggs after medical abortion, there’s no correlation between the two events. The study suggests that women who have a medical abortion in the past can have a healthy pregnancy and its delivery. The study has back thousands of cases where women gave birth, usually despite abortion history.
In a nutshell:
Medical or surgical termination of pregnancy does not make you infertile in the future. All the side effects of abortion, especially medical abortion, are temporary in nature. The fertility level remains the same as it was before undergoing the pregnancy termination procedure.